Summary of CSA for Truck Drivers

CSA (Compliance, Safety, and Accountability) is a major safety measurement and reporting initiative of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA). Designed to replace the SafeStat program, CSA was formerly known as “Comprehensive Safety Analysis,” or more commonly known as “CSA 2010.” The main purpose of CSA is to reduce commercial motor vehicle crashes, fatalities, and injuries.

CSA affects not only motor carriers (trucking companies), but also drivers who operate the equipment, shippers who hire carriers to move freight, and those who operate their own private fleets (Owner Operators).

CSA monitors every carrier with one or more vehicles over 10,000 lbs that travels interstate as well as vehicles that carry hazardous materials inside the state. CSA laws establish a three-part model for compliance and enforcement, including:

Measurement: Use of inspection data and crash results to measure safety performance

Evaluation: Use of a Safety Measurement System (SMS) to help pinpoint safety performance issues and monitor compliance over time

Intervention: Mandates how data is collected, analyzed and shared to improve transportation safety

The overall goal of collecting safety performance and equipment maintenance data is to reduce accidents by proactively pinpointing and addressing areas of concern.

CSA uses the Safety Measurement System (SMS), formerly known as ”SafeStat”, to collect and report safety/accident data to the public each month online. SMS measures performance by tracking data safety violations from crash data, roadside inspections, and violations. Safety violations are weighted based on the statistical likelihood that they will cause an accident. It groups each violation into specific categories known as BASICs (Behavior Analysis and Safety Improvement Categories). Ratings can range between 1 and 10 with 1 being the least serious violations. More severe violations are rated near 10. A carrier’s rating for each BASIC depends on how many violations/crashes there were, the severities of the violations/crashes, and how recently they occurred.

After assigning a measurement, CSA rates each carrier in percentiles ranging from 0 to 100 by comparing each carrier’s measurements with their peers. Lower measurements are better, with a “0” percentile being the best and “100” being the worse performing carriers.

Motor carriers can access CSA scores through the FMCSA. Individual drivers are able to access personal roadside inspection data results by ordering a PSP online.

The most recent changes to the CSA SMS Methodology were published in June 2014. For more information on visit the FMCSA online.

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